Wednesday, June 12, 2013

KING SETI I: Father & Son of Ramesses

Seti I was the father of perhaps Egypt's greatest rulers, Ramesses II , and was in his own right also a great leader.His birth name is Seti Mery-en-ptah, meaning 'He of the god Seth, beloved of Ptah.To the Greeks, he was Sethos I, and his throne name was Men-maat-re, meaning 'Eternal is the Justice of Re'.He ruled Egypt for 13 years (though some Egyptologists differ on this matter, giving him a reign of between 15 and 20 years) from 1291 through 1278 BC. In order to rectify the instability under the Amarna kings, he early on set a policy of major building at home and a committed foreign policy. Seti was the son of Ramesses I and his queen, Sitre. He probably ruled as co-regent, evidenced by an inscription on a statue from Medamud. Seti married into his own military caste. His first wife was Tuya, who was the daughter of a lieutenant of charioteers. His first son died young, but his second son was Ramesses II.

More images for the temple Click here 
This was truly a great period in Egypt, and perhaps the greatest in regards to art and culture. In the building projects that Seti I undertook, the quality of the reliefs and other designs were probably never surpassed by later rulers.He is responsible for beginning the great Hypostyle Hall in the Temple of Amun at Karnak , which his son Ramesses II later finished.Seti's reliefs are on the north side and their fine style is evident when compared to later additions.

However, at Abydos , he built perhaps the most remarkable temple ever constructed in Egypt.It has seven sanctuaries, dedicated to himself, Ptah , Re-Harakhte, Amun-Re, Osiris Isis and Horus .Interestingly, in this temple a part called the Hall of Records or sometimes the Gallery of Lists, Seti is shown with his son before a long official list of the pharaohs beginning with the earliest times.However, the names of the Amarna pharaohs are omitted, as if they never existed, and the list jumps from Amenhotep III directly to Horemheb .

Other building projects included a small temple at Abydos dedicated to Seti's father, Ramesses I, his own mortuary temple at Thebes, and his best building project of all, his tomb in the Valley of the Kings .This tomb, one of the few actually completed, was without doubt the finest in the Valley of the Kings, as well as the longest and deepest.

More Images for the tomb Click here 
The tomb of Pharaoh Seti I of the Nineteenth Dynasty, it is one of the best decorated tombs in the valley, but now is almost always closed to the public due to damage. It was first discovered by Giovanni Battista Belzonion 16 October 1817. When he first entered the tomb he found the wall paintings in excellent condition with the paint on the walls still looking fresh and some of the artists paints and brushes still on the floorThe longest tomb in the valley, at 137.19 metres, it contains very well preserved reliefs in all but two of its eleven chambers and side rooms. One of the back chambers is decorated with the Ritual of the Opening of the Mouth, which stated that the mummy's eating and drinking organs were properly functioning. Believing in the need for these functions in the afterlife, this was a very important ritual. A very long tunnel (corridor K) leads away deep into the mountainside from beneath the location where the sarcophagus stood in the burial chamber. Recently, the excavation of this corridor was completed. There was no 'secret burial chamber' or any other kind of chamber at the end. Work on the corridor was abandoned upon the burial of Seti. 

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