Thursday, October 31, 2013

Alexandria Attractions: The turning point battle of El Alamien

The Battle of El Alamein, fought in the deserts of North Africa, is seen as one of the decisive victories of World War II. The Battle of El Alamein was primarily fought between two of the outstanding commanders of World War IIMontgomery, who succeeded the dismissed Auchinleck, and Rommel. The Allied victory at El Alamein lead to the retreat of the Afrika Korps and the German surrender in North Africa in May 1943.
El Alamein is 150 miles west of Cairo. By the summer of 1942, the Allies were in trouble throughout Europe. The attack on Russia - Operation Barbarossa - had pushed the Russians back; U-boats were having a major effect on Britain in the Battle of the Atlantic and western Europe seemed to be fully in the control of the Germans.
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
Hence the war in the desert of North Africa was pivotal. If the Afrika Korps got to the Suez Canal, the ability of the Allies to supply themselves would be severely dented. The only alternate supply route would be via South Africa - which was not only longer but a lot more dangerous due to the vagaries of the weather. The psychological blow of losing the Suez and losing in North Africa would have been incalculable - especially as this would have given Germany near enough free access to the oil in the Middle East.
El Alamein was a last stand for the Allies in North Africa. To the north of this apparently unremarkable town was the Mediterranean Sea and to the south was the Qattara Depression. El Alamein was a bottleneck that ensures that Rommel could not use his favoured form of attack - sweeping into the enemy from the rear. Rommel was a well respected general in the ranks of the Allies. 
In August 1942, Winston Churchill was desperate for a victory as he believed that morale was being sapped in Britain. Churchill, despite his status, faced the prospect of a vote of no confidence in the House of Commons if there was no forthcoming victory anywhere. Churchill grasped the bull by the horns./ he dismissed Auchinleck and replaced him with Bernard Montgomery. The men in the Allied forces respected ‘Monty’. He was described as "as quick as a ferret and about as likeable." Montgomery put a great deal of emphasis on organisation and morale. He spoke to his troops and attempted to restore confidence in them. But above all else, he knew that he needed to hold El Alamein anyway possible.
Rommel planned to hit the Allies in the south. Montgomery guessed that this would be the move of Rommel as Rommel had done it before. However, he was also helped by the people who worked at Bletchley Park who had got hold of Rommel’s battle plan and had deciphered it. Therefore ‘Monty’ knew not only Rommel’s plan but also the route of his supply lines. By August 1942, only 33% of what Rommel needed was getting through to him. Rommel was also acutely aware that while he was being starved of supplies, the Allies were getting vast amounts through as they still controlled the Suez and were predominant in the Mediterranean. To resolve what could only become a more difficult situation, Rommel decided to attack quickly even if he was not well-equipped.
By the end of August 1942, Montgomery was ready himself. He knew that Rommel was very short of fuel and that the Germans could not sustain a long campaign. When Rommel attacked, Montgomery was asleep. When he was woken from his sleep to be told the news, it is said that he replied "excellent, excellent" and went back to sleep again.
Panzer II of the Afrika Korps
The Allies had placed a huge number of land mines south of El Alamein at Alam Halfa. German Panzer tanks were severely hit by these and the rest were held up and became sitting targets for Allied fighter planes that could easily pick off tank after tank. Rommel’s attack started badly and it seemed as if his Afrika Korps would be wiped out. He ordered his tanks north and he was then helped by nature. A sandstorm blew up which gave his tanks much needed cover from marauding British fighters. However, once the sandstorm cleared, Rommel’s force was hit by Allied bombers that pounded the area where the Afrika Corps had their tanks. Rommel had no choice but to retreat. He fully expected Montgomery’s Eighth Army to follow him as this was standard military procedure. However, ‘Monty’ failed to do this. He was not ready for an offensive and he ordered his men to stay put while they held a decisive defensive line.
In fact, Montgomery was waiting for the arrival of something that soldiers in the desert were only allowed to refer to as ‘swallows’. In fact, they were Sherman tanks - 300 of them to assist the Allies. Their 75 mm gun shot a 6lb shell that could penetrate a Panzer at 2000 metres. The 300 ‘Monty’ had were invaluable.
General Bernard Montgomery 
To cope with Montgomery’s attack, the Germans had 110,000 men and 500 tanks. A number of these tanks were poor Italian tanks and could not match the new Sherman’s. The Germans were also short of fuel. The Allies had more than 200,000 men and more than 1000 tanks. They were also armed with a six-pound artillery gun which was highly effective up to 1500 metres. Between the two armies was the ‘Devil’s Garden’. This was a mine field laid by the Germans which was 5 miles wide and littered with a huge number of anti-tank and anti-personnel mines. Going through such a defence would prove to be a nightmare for the Allies.
To throw Rommel off the scent, Montgomery launched ‘Operation Bertram’. This plan was to convince Rommel that the full-might of the Eighth Army would be used in the south. Dummy tanks were erected in the region. A dummy pipeline was also built - slowly, so as to convince Rommel that the Allies were in no hurry to attack the Afrika Korps. ‘Monty’s army in the north also had to ‘disappear’. Tanks were covered so as to appear as non-threatening lorries. Bertram worked as Rommel became convinced that the attack would be in the south.
The attack on Rommel’s lines started with over 800 artillery guns firing at the German lines. Legend has it that the noise was so great that the ears of the gunners bled. As the shells pounded the German lines, the infantry attacked. The engineers set about clearing mines. Their task was very dangerous as one mine was inter-connected with others via wires and if one mines was set off, many others could be. The stretch of cleared land for the tanks proved to be Montgomery’s Achilles heel. Just one non-moving tank could hold up all the tanks that were behind it. The ensuing traffic jams made the tanks easy targets for the German gunners using the feared 88 artillery gun. The plan to get the tanks through in one night failed. The infantry had also not got as far as Montgomery had planned. They had to dig in.
The second night of the attack was also unsuccessful. ‘Monty’ blamed his chief of tanks, Lumsden. He was given a simple ultimatum - move forward - or be replaced by someone more energetic. But the rate of attrition of the Allied forces was taking its toll. Operation Lightfoot was called off and Montgomery, not Lumsden, withdrew his tanks. When he received the news, Churchill was furious as he believed that Montgomery was letting victory go.
British infantry manning a sandbagged defensive position near El Alamein
However, Rommel and the Afrika Korps had also been suffering. He only had 300 tanks left to the Allies 900+. ‘Monty’ next planned to make a move to the Mediterranean. Australian units attacked the Germans by the Mediterranean and Rommel had to move his tanks north to cover this. The Australians took many casualties but their attack was to change the course of the battle.
Rommel became convinced that the main thrust of Montgomery’s attack would be near the Mediterranean and he moved a large amount of his Afrika Korps there. The Australians fought with ferocity - even Rommel commented on the "rivers of blood" in the region. However, the Australians had given Montgomery room to manoeuvre.
He launched ‘Operation Supercharge’. This was a British and New Zealander infantry attack made south of where the Australians were fighting. Rommel was taken by surprise. 123 tanks of the 9th Armoured Brigade attacked the German lines. But a sandstorm once again saved Rommel. Many of the tanks got lost and they were easy for the German 88 gunners to pick off. 75% of the 9th Brigade was lost. But the overwhelming number of Allied tanks meant that more arrived to help out and it was these tanks that tipped the balance. Rommel put tank against tank - but his men were hopelessly outnumbered.
By November 2nd 1942, Rommel knew that he was beaten. Hitler ordered the Afrika Korps to fight to the last but Rommel refused to carry out this order. On November 4th, Rommel started his retreat. 25,000 Germans and Italians had been killed or wounded in the battle and 13,000 Allied troops in the Eighth Army.
More pictures of El Alamien Cemetries & War Museum Click here

Documentary about Battle field of El Alamien on youtube:

The Battle of El Alamein Episode 1: Part 1

The Battle of El Alamein Episode 1: Part 2 ... CLICK HERE

The Battle of El Alamein Episode 1: Part 3 ... CLICK HERE

Tuesday, October 29, 2013

NEWS: Opening 9 ancient tombs in Luxor after refurbishment

Celebrating the 91th anniversary of the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamen  which will be on the 4th  next month, 9 ancient tombs will be opening in the presence of DR. Mohammed Ibrahim, Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs and Hisham Zazoua and the Minister of Tourism

The opening ceremonies include Temple of Mut wife's gods Amun-Re, southern temples of Karnak, after it was linked accidentally rams which connects the Pharaonic temples of Karnak and Luxor length of 2700 meters. And the Temple of Khonsu, located in the southwestern corner of the temples of Karnak, and built this temple in honor of the god son Khonsu third member of the triad of good Bible, and the Temple of Ptah, who have to visit to tourists for the first time after the restoration project a comprehensive knowledge of a working group of the Egyptian Center French Egyptian antiquities and the Temple of Deir Chloat area Almlqth archaeological southwest of Luxor, which dates back to Roman times, and was dedicated to the worship of the gods Isis, Temple Palace old in front of the Temple of Medinet Habu and archaeological dating back to the Ptolemaic era, and it was dedicated to the worship of the god Thoth, the advocate of wisdom when the ancient Egyptians, featuring famous kings of the Ptolemies. 

The area of ​​the Valley of the Queens-rich cemeteries queens Pharaohs west of Luxor opening of the tomb of Queen Titi and the opening of two cemeteries Othreytin area of ​​supervision in the Mount Qurna, which includes the graves of nobles of ancient Egypt as evidenced by the Dra Abul Naga archaeological west of Luxor.

Source: Al Ahram  

Monday, October 28, 2013

NEWS: The Mystery that might been reveled !!! Alexander the Great tomb

Archaeologists have uncovered what could be the grave of Alexander the Great at a site near ancient Amphipolis. The warrior king - who ruled in the 4th century BC - was thought to be buried in Egypt. But experts have now become excited after they uncovered a marble-faced wall dating from the time. The structure measures an impressive wall measuring 500 metres long and three metres high, which archaeologists believe could contain a royal grave.

The site near ancient Amphipolis lies 370 miles north of Athens. Site archaeologist Aikaterini Peristeri has voiced hopes of finding 'a significant individual or individuals' within.

A Culture Ministry statement has enthused that the archaeologists have partly excavated a mound that has yielded a 'very remarkable' marble-faced wall from the late 4th century BC. Experts believe the ancient artificial mound could contain the remains of the king, or is at least an important royal Macedonian grave.

The news has captured the Greek public's imaginations and many people are hopeful the site will solve the mystery of where Alexander the Great rests.
However, Greece's Culture Ministry has warned against 'overbold' speculation that archaeologists are close to uncovering the king's remains.

Alexander III of Macedon, also known as Alexander the Great, was a king of Macedon, a state in northern ancient Greece. He was born in Pella in 356 BC and was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. However, by the age of 30 he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from the Ionian Sea to the Himalayas.

Undefeated in all his battles, he is considered one of history's most successful commanders. He succeeded his father to the throne in 336BC and inherited a strong kingdom and experienced army. Having been awarded the generalship of Greece, he commenced his father's military expansion plans and in 334 BC began a series of campaigns that lasted 10 years.

He conquered the whole of the Persian Empire but being an ambitious warrior, seeking to reach the 'ends of the world,' he invaded India in 326 BC but later turned back.
It is believed Alexander the Great died in Babylon in 323 BC before his plans to invade Arabia.
He is credited with founding some 20 cities that bore his name, including Alexandria in ancient Egypt, and spread Greece's culture east. 

There are several stories about where Alexander the Great was buried after he suddenly died of a fever at the age of just 32 - although some believe he was poisoned.

History tells that his body was laid to rest in a gold sarcophagus filled with honey. It is said to have been taken to Memphis before Alexandria in Egypt where it remained until late Antiquity.
Famous Romans Pompey, Augustus and Julius Caesar are all said to have visited his tomb in Alexandria, with Caligula reportedly swiping the warrior's breastplate for a souvenir.

Source: Daily Mail 

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Sunday, October 27, 2013

NEW OPENING: El Mezawaka tombs in Dakhla Oasis, Western Desert

Last Thursday the Minister of Antiquities opened El Mezawaka tombs in Dakhla Oases, Western Desert for visiting by tourists.

There are over 300 tombs situated in the sides of small hills in this section of the Amheida cemetery, which Drovetti in 1919 named “Muzauwaken,” from the Arabic muzawwaqa, meaning decorated.’ Two tombs stand out: the single room tomb of Petubastis and the double room tomb of Padiosiris. Both are decorated with exquisite full-color paintings.

A scene from El Mezawaka tombs 

** More Pictures for El Mezawaka tombs CLICK HERE

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NEWS: Monumental sites to be inaugurated in El Wadi El Gedid in Western Desert
DAKHLA OASIS: Cemetery Reveals Baby-Making Season in Ancient Egypt

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Thursday, October 24, 2013

New Discovery, Cairo: Tomb of Head of Pharaohs Physicians of fifth dynasty discovered

The tomb of the fifth dynasty Head of Physicians of Upper and Lower Egypt, Shepseskaf-Ankh, was discovered in Abusir Necropolis - 25km from the Giza plateau, during excavation by a Czech archaeological mission.

The tomb is carved in limestone and consists of a large open court, eight burial chambers for Shepseskaf and his family members, and a very distinguished huge false door engraved with the various titles and names of Shepseskaf-Ankh. Among the titles he held were, ‘The priest of god Khnum,’ who provides life, and ‘The priest of Sun temples’ for several fifth dynasty kings.

"Although it is the third tomb of an ancient Egyptian Physician to be found in Abusir, it has important historical and archaeological significance," said Mohamed Ibrahim, Minister of the MSA. He explains that the tomb belonged to one of the distinguished physicians who was close to the ruler kings and owned a senior official position during the reign of the pyramid-builders.

Director of the Czech mission, Miroslav Barta, stated that individual tombs in Abusir were constructed from the mid-fifth dynasty onwards, and many priests and officials who worked in the Pyramid complex during the reign of the Kings of Abusir and the Sun Temples were buried there.

Abusir is an extensive Old Kingdom necropolis that served as one of the main elite cemeteries for the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis. It houses the remains of 14 pyramids, which served as burials for the fifth dynasty kings as well as a number of tombs and sun temples.

source: Ahram Online By Nevien el Aref 

Tuesday, October 22, 2013

Happy Birthday to the Great Pharaoh Ramses II

It is believed that the axis of the temple was positioned by the ancient Egyptian architects in such a way that on October 22 and February 22, the rays of the sun would penetrate the sanctuary and illuminate the sculptures on the back wall, except for the statue of Ptah, the god connected with the Underworld, who always remained in the dark. People gather at Abu Simbel to witness this remarkable sight, on October 21 and February 21.
These dates are allegedly the king's birthday and coronation day respectively, but there is no evidence to support this, though it is quite logical to assume that these dates had some relation to a great event, such as the jubilee celebrating the thirtieth anniversary of the pharaoh's rule.
In fact, according to calculations made on the basis of the heliacal rising of the star Sirius (Sothis) and inscriptions found by archaeologists, this date must have been October 22. This image of the king was enhanced and revitalized by the energy of the solar star, and the deified Ramesses the Great could take his place next to Amun Ra and Ra-Horakhty.
Due to the displacement of the temple and/or the accumulated drift of the Tropic of Cancer during the past 3,280 years, it is widely believed that each of these two events has moved one day closer to the Solstice, so they would be occurring on October 22 and February 20 (60 days before and 60 days after the Solstice, respectively).

 Full information: Click here 
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Monday, October 21, 2013

NEWS: Egypt’s stolen Heritage

Egyptians need the people and the government of the United States to support our efforts to combat the systematic and organized looting of our museums and archaeological sites. Imagine a world in which the stories of King Tut, Cleopatra, Ramesses and others were absent from the collective consciousness. And with much of our history still waiting to be discovered under the sand, the potential losses are staggering. Antiquities theft is one of the world’s top crimes — after the trafficking of weapons, narcotics and people — but it is seldom addressed. Egyptian antiquities are flooding international markets. Recent auctions at Christie’s in London and New York included several items from Egypt. Fortunately, when contacted,Christie’s in London withdrew a number of items that had been stolen from the tomb of King Amenhotep III, discovered in 2000 in Luxor. Among the items was a steatite bust of an official dating from 1793 to 1976 B.C.
Although arrests were made in this case, and two auction houses in Jerusalem canceled the sale of 126 antiquities after being contacted by Egyptian officials, the tide unfortunately flows in the other direction. After being contacted by the Egyptian foreign ministry, other auction houses have been unwilling to cooperate with requests to delay or cancel sales of items that experts assess have been stolen. Among those who make their money selling antiquities, cooperation with the Egyptian government has been mixed at best. Looting is a centuries-old business and a crime that Egyptians will no doubt be fighting for years, especially during difficult economic times. Our country is willing to take a strong stand. No one can forget the stark images of Egyptians — men and women, Muslims and Christians, young and old — creating a human shield to protect the Egyptian Museum in Cairo during the 2011 revolution. Still, thieves succeeded in stealing several items from its collection. Despite our government’s best efforts to retrieve those artifacts, more than 50 items, including some from the famous King Tut tomb, remain missing.
In the Aug. 14 attack on the Malawi National Museum, in Minya, more than 1,000 items were taken: statues more than 3,500 years old; jewelry from the time of the ancient Pharaohs; Greco-Roman gold coins. When security forces tried to stop them, the thieves burned some items they could not take, including mummies.
It is our common duty, in Egypt and around the world, to defend our shared heritage. International institutions, governments, business, archaeologists and other experts must come together to explore how to help countries in need protect their treasures. The efforts of groups such as the International Coalition to Protect Egyptian Antiquities are appreciated — but much more aid is necessary. The youths of Egypt deserve more. There is no time to waste.

Thursday, October 17, 2013

New Discovery, Nile Delta: Life-size statue of King Ramses II found in Sharqiya

A German-Egyptian excavation mission in the Nile Delta town of Tel-Basta unearthed today a life-size statue of the 19th Dynasty King Ramses II carved in red granite.

The statue, at 195cm high and 160cm wide, was found accidently during a routine excavation carried out by the joint mission. It was discovered in the so-called Great Temple area's eastern side, inside the temple of cat goddess Bastet in Sharqiya's Tel-Basta.

Antiquities Minister Mohamed Ibrahim explained that the newly-discovered statue depicts King Ramses II standing between the goddess Hathor and the god Petah. On its back, Ibrahim continued, a hieroglyphic text and the cartouche of the king are engraved.

Mohamed Abdel-Maqsoud, head of the Ministry of State for Antiquities' (MSA) Ancient Egyptian department, added that the mission uncovered another statue carved in sand stone which depicts a yet-unidentified New Kingdom top official. 

A hieroglyphic text offering the statue to the goddesses bastet and sekhmet and the god horakhti is engraved on its back. This statue is 35cm in height and 25cm in width, according to Abdel-Maqsoud.
Source: Ahram Online by Nevien El Aref 
More Picture for Nile Delta Area sightseeing:
* Tanis - San Al Hagar CLICK HERE
* Tel-Basta CLICK HERE

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Wednesday, October 16, 2013

NEWS: Damage limitation looted items go on show at the Egyptian Museum

Minister of State for Antiquities Mohamed Ibrahim inaugurated an exhibition, “Damaged and Restored”, comprising 29 artefacts from the collection of the Egyptian Museum, 11 of them looted on 28 January and subsequently recovered. The remaining 18 pieces were all damaged during the looting and have undergone extensive restoration.
Sabah Abdel-Razek, head of temporary exhibitions at the Egyptian Museum, told Al-Ahram Weekly that the museum’s restoration department had done everything possible to restore the items. Unfortunately A gilded wooden statue of the goddess Menkaret supporting Tutankhamun on her head, says Abdel-Razek, was found broken in two in a rubbish bin at the western side of the museum garden. The figure of Tutankhamun is still missing.
Among the objects restored is a statue of Tutankhamun standing on a leopard, one of the Boy King wearing a blue crown and holding an offering table and a third of the pharaoh standing on a papyrus skiff with a harpoon in his right hand. A mummy of a child called Amenhotep which had its head torn off during the looting has been pieced back together. So too has a model of 40 Nubian archers and the Nile pleasure boat of Mesehti, an ancient Egyptian governor of Assiut. 
The statuette of Tutankhamun standing on the papyrus boat, was found in pieces. The broken boat was recovered first. Three months later the figure of Tutankhamun was found.
The exhibition also includes a polychrome glass vase, a model coffin, a votive statuette of Huy, scribe to Amenhotep, a statue of the cat goddess Bastet, a statuette of the monotheistic king Akhenaten and a statue of an apis bull with a sun disk and uraeus between its horns.
“Some of these objects took three months to restore, others almost a year,” says Abdel-Razek. 
“This exhibition sends a message to the world about how much Egyptians care about their heritage and how much effort they will exert to protect and preserve it,” says Ibrahim. He told the Weekly that he expects more articles that have been smuggled out of Egypt to be recovered in the coming months. 

Objects that have been illegally smuggled out of the country must return to Egypt,” says Ibrahim.
In related news, Germany is expected to issue a law soon returning all stolen objects to their country of origin. The law, says Ibrahim, will make it possible for Egypt to request the repatriation of several ancient Egyptian objects scheduled to come up for auction in Germany.

Negotiations are also due to start with the St Louis Art Museum in the US for the return of the 19th Dynasty mummy mask of Ka-Nefer-Nefer, a noblewoman from the court of Pharaoh Ramses II. Controversy over the ownership of the mask, on display at the St Louis Art Museum since 1998, has raged for six years now. Though the US government has conceded the mask is being held illegally and should be returned to Egypt, US District Judge Henry Autry ruled that the US government had failed to prove that the mask was stolen and smuggled abroad after it went missing from the Egyptian Museum in Cairo 40 years ago.
On the fringe of the “Damaged and Restored” exhibition Ibrahim returned several objects discovered by Egyptian customs authorities and the Unit for Combating the Trafficking of Antiquities to the ambassadors of Peru and Ecuador.
Three terracotta heads from the Valdivia period, carved between 2,000 and 2,500 BC, were handed to Ecuadorian Ambassador Edwin Johnson. Two Chancay Cuchimilco figures, one male and one female, made between 1,000 and 1,400 AD, were returned to Peruvian Ambassador Alberto Galve. The objects had been intercepted as they were being brought into Egypt by a US-based antiques dealer. The global fight against the antiquities black market, today’s equivalent of grave robbers who plundered the tombs of the Pharaohs millennia ago, is ongoing. Ibrahim told the Weekly that in collaboration with Peru, Ecuador and other countries, Egypt was petitioning UNESCO to change the article in its convention dealing with the illicit trade.
Source: Al Ahram weekly by Nevien el Aref 

Saturday, October 12, 2013

NEWS: Tutankhamun's replica tomb to be re-erected in Luxor

Replica tomb to be installed beside former residence of discoverer Howard Carter on Luxor's west bank

A committee administering Egypt's antiquities decided Tuesday to re-erect a dismantled replica tomb of King Tutankhamun, placing it beside the former residence of discoverer Howard Carter on Luxor's west bank.

Tourists can already visit the Carter Rest-House in Luxor, which has been restored and developed into a museum displaying the tools and instruments he used during his excavationsSecretary-general of the Ministry of the State of Antiquities (MSA), Mostafa Amin, told Ahram Online that the replica tomb will provide tourists with a better picture of how Carter lived during his excavation work at the Valley of the Kings in the early 1920s.

The re-erection of the replica tomb is a gift to Egypt from the Factum Foundation in Madrid, the Society of Friends of the Royal Tombs of Egypt in Zurich and the University of Basel, in order to promote the EU Task Force Conference - which took place in Egypt almost a year ago - as well as to mark the 90th anniversary of the beginnings of Howard Carter's work in Luxor.

British archaeologist Howard Carter discovered Tutankhamun's tomb at the Valley of the Kings on Luxor’s west bank on 22 November 1922. The tomb was then dismantled and stored in one of the MSA's archaeological galleries.

Work on the tomb was instigated in 1988 by the Society of Friends of the Royal Tombs of Egypt, with the full support of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) - now the MSA.

The first phase of re-construction included the three tombs that are in danger from high numbers of visitors: Tutankhamun, Nefertari and Set I.

The concrete production of Tutankhamun's replica tomb started in 2009 and was completed in October 2012. The Madrid-based Factum Arte used high-tech 3D scanners to facsimile the actual tomb.

Director and Chief Engineer of Factum Arte Michael Ward said that Tutankhamun's replica tomb took three years to complete and involved the invention of a new technology to record every inch of the tomb and perfectly replicate it.

The ministry has long supported the idea of building replicas of the royal tombs that are currently closed, or need to be closed to the public for their protection, at Theban Necropolis, according to president of the Factum Foundation James Macmillan-Scott.

Macmillian-Scott explained that the replica tombs will provide another opportunity for visitors to admire the ancient Egyptian royal tombs and learn the history of their discovery. They will also encourage the necessary conservation of the original tombs and promote Egypt among nations utilizing specialist technology and the manual skills required for their reconstruction.

Source: Ahram Online By Nevein el Aref 

More pictures for Inside King Tut Ankh Amun tomb CLICK HERE

More pictures for Inside King Tut Ankh Amun tomb in Black & White - 1920 CLICK HERE

Tuesday, October 8, 2013

New Opening, Western Desert: Monumental sites to be inaugurated in El Wadi El Gedid

Antiquities Minister Mohamed Ibrahim said a number of monumental projects will be inaugurated in El Wadi El Gedeed on Oct. 3 to coincide with the governorate's national day.
In statements on the sidelines of his visit to El Wadi El Gedeed on Sunday, the minister said he will visit the projects in their final stages on Monday. These projects include the temple of Deir al-Hagar and al-Qasr Islamic City.
Ibrahim also discussed with Governor Mahmoud Khalifa the possibility overhauling some tourist sites in Dakhla and Kharga oases to attract tourists.
Several tourist sites were sabotaged over the past two years of political turmoil in Egypt, including the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir. The most recent of such incidents was the looting of the Mallawi Museum in Minya.
Dakhla Oasis, Western Desert sightseeing:

Monday, October 7, 2013

3D Egypt Collection (Vol. 01): Ancient Egypt by CROPETROFOREVER

As we go with Egitalloyd Travel Egypt blog, we are always thinking about Egypt and its ancient treasures and the contribution of other people to our Ancient Civilization through videos and animated work.

So we decided to launch a new collection " 3D Egypt Collection ", with various short movies about Egypt. And here our first movie
3D Egypt Collection 
"Ancient Egypt by CROPETROFOREVER"

Tuesday, October 1, 2013

Alexander the Great: Conqueror and King

Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region of Macedonia on July 20, 356 B.C., to parents King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus. In 343 B.C., King Philip II hired the philosopher Aristotle to tutor Alexander at the Temple of the Nymphs at Meiza. Over the course of three years, Aristotle taught Alexander and a handful of his friends philosophy, poetry, drama, science and politics. Seeing that Homer's Iliad inspired Alexander to dream of becoming a heroic warrior, Aristotle created an abridged version of the tome for Alexander to carry with him on military campaigns           In the wake of his father's death, Alexander, then 19, was determined to seize the throne by any means necessary. He quickly garnered the support of the Macedonian Army, including the general and troops he had had fought with at Chaeronea.
More Images around the world 

As Alexander was nearing the end of his northern campaign, he was delivered the news that Thebes, a Greek city-state, had forced out the Macedonian troops that were garrisoned there. Fearing a revolt among the other city-states, Alexander leapt into action, marching his massive army—consisting of 3,000 cavalry and 30,000 infantry . southward all the way to the tip of the Greek peninsula. Meanwhile, Alexander's general, Parmenion, had already made his way to Asia Minor. In the summer of 333, the troops of Alexander and Darius once again went head to head in battle at Issus. Although Alexander's army was outnumbered, he used his flair for military strategy to create formations that defeated the Persians again and caused Darius to flee. In November of 333, Alexander declared himself the king of Persia after capturing Darius and making him a fugitive.

More Images of the National Museum 
Next up on Alexander's agenda was his campaign to conquer Egypt. After besieging Gaza on his way to Egypt, Alexander easily achieved his conquest; Egypt fell without resistance. In 331, he created the city of Alexandria, designed as a hub for Greek culture and commerce. Later that year, Alexander defeated the Persians at the Battle of Gaugamela. With the collapse of the Persian Army, Alexander became "King of Babylon, King of Asia, King of the Four Quarters of the World." 
Alexander's next conquest was eastern Iran. While considering the conquests of Carthage and Rome, Alexander the Great died of malaria in Babylon and the place for his tomb never revealed , since then it is one of the most 
mysterious secrets of the History 


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