Édouard Louis Joseph,
Regardless of origin, the palace is a distinctive work of art and construction. Empain brought the best Indonesian artists and sculptors for its construction. The architect designed the palace to be made with reinforced concrete over an unusual rotating base that turned the palace 360 degrees so that its windows were always facing the sun. They built the palace on an artificial elevation to enable the baron to watch the rise of Heliopolis from the desert, from the main tower in which Empain had his rooms.