Friday, April 17, 2015

Short story: The Ancient Egyptian arts !!!!

There is a reason why they call ancient Egypt the cradle of civilization, Egypt was one of the first civilizations in the Mediterranean Basin; that is why it left a print on other civilizations in some areas that we are going to see in the Arts of these civilizations .In the Minoan civilization, you can see that the paintings of the walls followed the Egyptian style in picturing people, such as using the side view of the profile but the body itself is in the frontal view, as well as picturing the nature and animals such as Knossos Palace Fresco following the lead of the Egyptians in picturing animals and nature on the walls of tombs and temples. 

Also, the Egyptians used The Tempera in painting and colors on the walls of tombs, palaces, etc. and that method was also used on many of the masterpieces of Pompeii’s Fresco and wall painting. In the Hellenistic era, we see how the painting of Alexandria’s tombs had the greatest impact on Pompeii’s style in painting, also in later periods the method was still used

in Egypt, like in the Coptic period; a great example of using this method in that era is the famous group Fayum mummy portraits. Regarding sculpture, the Egyptians started with the statues of the Gods and the pharaohs who were considered the sons of the Gods and the most divine people according to Egyptians.

The Greeks’ masterpieces of sculpture are basically of Gods and the great heroes of Greece who were also called demigods as they were considered sons of the Gods. 

When it comes to the sculptures on the walls, the Greeks were also inspired by the same themes such as nature, gods and epic battles. We can see on Abu Simbel Temple the portrayal of the battle of Kadesh where Ramses IIlead the armies to victory, also in the sculptures of the Parthenon Temple of the Goddess Athena,and on the west pediment we can see the legendary contest between Athena and Poseidon for the patron of the city of Athens.In Hellenistic period, Egypt played a main rule in arts around the world through its capital Alexandria and its great museum and library.

The impacts of the Egyptian sculpture were still seen even in the Roman Period; like in the Green basanite bust of Julius Caesar, the portrait is sculpted in Egyptian stone with many characteristics of the Egyptian portraits, such as high cheekbones, facial structure and coloring the eye. The bust is in the British museum. Could all of these indications suggest that one of the most remarkable Temples in Greece, the Erechtheion, was affected by Ramses II’s great temple Abu Simple in using huge statues in the front porch instead of Columns? We still have to answer that.

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