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Wednesday, December 30, 2015
New Discovery, Ismailiya : New Discovery Suggests Date of Origin of Tel Al-Dafna Site in Qantara West
Archaeologists unearthing fossiles
remains of San Turin volcano unearthed in Tel Al-Dafna archaeological site in
western Ismailiya. Written By/Nevine El-Aref.
excavation work carried out at the Tel Al-Dafna archaeological site located at
the Al-Qantara West area in Ismailiya, 11 kilometers west of the Suez Canal, an
Egyptian archaeological mission led by Egyptologist Mohamed Abdel-Maqsoud
stumbled upon what is believed to be lava remains from the San Turin volcano. The
volcano is considered the first destructive environmental phenomenon from the
Mediterranean to hit Cyprus in antiquity.
of Antiquities Mamdouh Eldamaty described the discovery as “very important”
because it would help in uncovering more history from the Tel Al-Dafna site. The
oldest archaeological evidence discovered in Tel Al-Dafna dates back to the
ancient Egyptian 26th dynasty, though the lava remains can be from an era
before the 26th dynasty.
told Ahram Online that the mission has also uncovered part of a fortified
island surrounded with mud and brick shields used as wave breakers as well as
to protect the west side of King Psamtik I’s citadel from floods.
Tel Al-Dafna site
continued to say that the citadel was built in such an area so as to protect
the country’s eastern gate from any invasion. Its fence area is 20 metres
thick, and inside it houses a collection of fortified residential houses.
addition to the citadel, King Psamtik I built two other forts; one in the Marya
area on the north coast to protect the country from Libyan invasion, and the
other on Elephantine Island in the Upper Egypt's Aswan to stand against
pointed out that a collection of mastaba remains, the ruins of industrial
workshops, ovens used in dismantling metals, and baking bread were also found.
of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Department Mahmoud Afifi told Ahram Online
that excavation works at the Tel Al-Dafna site are being carried out by the
antiquities ministry in collaboration with the housing and defence ministries,
as well as with the Sinai Construction Authority.
work comes within the framework of the development of archaeological sites
along the 30 June Corridor.
Eldamaty (left) and Abdel Maqsoud (right) at Tel Al-Dafna site
This section of the Tel Al-Dafna excavation work is
in its third phase. Afifi
added that in addition to the Tel Al-Dafna work, another area 2300m long and
100m in width has been totally excavated and was empty of any archaeological
highlighted that the Tel Dafna site is one of five archaeological sites
selected on Egypt’s eastern gate to be developed within the project of Egypt’s
military history panorama and the development of archaeological sites along the
Suez Canal. These
sites are Tel-Habwa, Tel-Abu-Saify, Pelusium and Tel Al-Maskhouta.
expressed his strong appreciation for the Egyptian excavation mission working
at the site, as it has helped in the discovery of many important sites. He
added that the mission would help research and study along Pelusium branch of
the Nile, as well as possibly work on archaeological sites on the banks of the
Nile that have not yet been revealed.