Monday, June 27, 2016
Short Story: Boat Timbers Discovered
Timbers from the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu’s second solar boat have been discovered on the Giza Plateau, writes Nevine El-Aref.
“This is a great step forward in the conservation of Khufu’s second boat,” said Eissa Zidan, supervisor of the restoration work, adding that 700 timbers had been removed from the boat pit located beside the Great Pyramid of Khufu at Giza. Beams from the captain’s shrine are the latest items to be removed and others are still inside the pit.
The beams were in poor condition and the team had carried out preliminary restoration work in situ before transporting them to the Grand Egyptian Museum where they would be comprehensively restored before being exhibited, Zidan said. Khufu’s boats had two shrines, he said, one for the pharaoh located at the end of the boats and the other for the captain at the front. The team had confirmed that the timbers belonged to the boat captain’s shrine after comparing them with those from the first solar boat, now on display at Khufu’s Solar Boat Museum on the Giza Plateau, he said.
It had solicited the help of experts in boat construction in order to determine the purpose of every piece of the boat. The shrine was also documented and photographed with a 3D laser scanner, Zidan said. Restorers had removed the beams from the pit piece by piece and covered them in situ with a special chemical solution in order to protect them from the atmosphere outside the pit. In the laboratory, they had first reduced the humidity of the beams until it had reached 55 per cent and then subjected them to treatment and consolidation.
3D documentation of every piece of the boat was also carried out in order to document all the pieces, eventually helping in the reconstruction of the boat. Work is continuing in order to remove all the beams from the pit, restore the boat and reconstruct it to be put on display beside its sister. The boat was discovered along with the first one inside two pits neighbouring each other in 1954 when Egyptian archaeologists Kamal Al-Mallakh and Zaki Nour were carrying out routine cleaning on the southern side of the Great Pyramid.
The first pit was found under a roof of 41 limestone slabs, each weighing almost 20 tons, with the three westernmost slabs being much smaller than the others and leading them to be interpreted as keystones. On removing one of the slabs, Al-Mallakh and Nour saw a cedar boat, completely dismantled but arranged in the semblance of its finished form, inside the pit. Also inside were layers of mats, ropes, instruments made of flint, and some small pieces of white plaster, along with 12 oars, 58 poles, three cylindrical columns and five doors..... Read More