Friday, January 31, 2014

ASWAN related: The High dam

Aswan High Dam, Arabic Al-Sadd al-ʿĀlī,  rockfill dam across the Nile River, at Aswān, completed in 1970 (and formally inaugurated in January 1971) at a cost of about $1 billion. The dam, 364 feet (111 metres) high, with a crest length of 12,562 feet (3,830 metres) and a volume of 57,940,000 cubic yards (44,300,000 cubic metres), impounds a reservoir.

Lake Nasser, that has a gross capacity of 5.97 trillion cubic feet (169 billion cubic metres). Of the Nile’s total annual discharge, some 2.6 trillion cubic feet (74 billion cubic metres) of water have been allocated by treaty between Egypt and Sudan, with about 1.96 trillion cubic feet (55.5 billion cubic metres) apportioned to Egypt and the remainder to Sudan. 

Lake Nasser backs up the Nile about 200 miles (320 km) in Egypt and almost 100 miles (160 km) farther upstream (south) in Sudan; creation of the reservoir necessitated the costly relocation of the ancient Egyptian temple complex of Abu Simbel, which would otherwise have been submerged.

Ninety thousand Egyptian fellahin (peasants) and Sudanese Nubian nomads had to be relocated. Fifty thousand Egyptians were transported to the Kawm Umbū valley, 30 miles (50 km) north of Aswān, to form a new agricultural zone called Nubaria, and most of the Sudanese were resettled around Khashm al-Qirbah, Sudan. 

The Aswan High Dam yields enormous benefits to the economy of Egypt. For the first time in history, the annual Nile flood can be controlled by man. The dam impounds the floodwaters, releasing them when needed to maximize their utility on irrigated land, to water hundreds of thousands of new acres, to improve navigation both above and below Aswān, and to generate enormous amounts of electric power (the dam’s 12 turbines can generate 10 billion kilowatt-hours annually). The reservoir, which has a depth of 300 feet (90 metres) and averages 14 miles (22 km) in width, supports a fishing industry. 

The Aswan High Dam has produced negative side effects, which is a gradual decrease in the fertility and the productivity of Egypt’s riverside agricultural lands. This is because of the dam’s complete control of the Nile’s annual flooding. Much of the flood and its load of rich fertilizing silt is now impounded in reservoirs and canals; the silt is thus no longer deposited by the Nile’s rising waters on farmlands. 

Completed in 1902, with its crest raised in 1912 and 1933, an earlier dam 4 miles (6 km) downstream from the Aswan High Dam holds back about 174.2 billion cubic feet (4.9 billion cubic metres) of water from the tail of the Nile flood in the late autumn. Once one of the largest dams in the world, it is 7,027 feet (2,142 metres) long and is pierced by 180 sluices that formerly passed the whole Nile flood, with its heavy load of silt.

Very old and rare video about the building of the High Dam and the first day of operation. The video is in arabic language, but you can still watch it.

** More pictures for the High Dam: Click Here 

** Black & White pictures: Click Here 

Thursday, January 30, 2014

NEWS: Egyptian antiquities ministry tries to stop sale of 23 artefacts in US

The Egyptian antiquities ministry asked the foreign ministry to take all legal measures necessary to stop the sale of 23 ancient Egyptian objects on display at Sotheby's auction hall in the United States.
The antiquities ministry has reported the case to Interpol and asked the organisation to carry out comprehensive investigations to verify how the objects left Egypt. It has also asked Sotheby's to prove its ownership of the objects.
If Sotheby's fail to prove ownership and show the correct export certificates, the ministry would take steps to get the artefacts returned to Egypt, said Antiquities Minister Mohamed Ibrahim.
Ahmed Ali, head of the Restitution of Antiquities Department at the ministry, told Ahram Online that the collection in question includes marble statues of deities and kings, limestone statue heads and clay pottery. The objects are from different periods.
Source: Ahram online by Nevien el Aref 

Sotheby's search results for Sold Egyptian Antiquities CLICK HERE

Wednesday, January 29, 2014

ASWAN related: Isis the Eternal Love story

Isis is a goddess in Ancient Egyptian religious beliefs, whose worship spread throughout the Greco-Roman world. She was worshipped as the ideal mother and wife as well as the patroness of nature and magic.

During the Old Kingdom period, the pantheons of individual Egyptian cities varied by region. During the 5th dynasty, Isis entered the pantheon of the city of Heliopolis. She was represented as a daughter of Nut and Geb, and sister to Osiris, Nephthys, and Set. The two sisters, Isis and Nephthys, often were depicted on coffins, with wings outstretched, as protectors against evil. As a funerary deity, she was associated with Osiris, lord of the underworld, and was considered his wife.

A later myth, when the cult of Osiris gained more authority, tells the story of Anubis, the god of the underworld. The tale describes how Nephthys was denied a child by Set and disguised herself as her twin, Isis, to seduce him. The plot succeeded resulting in the birth of Anubis. In fear of Set's retribution, Nephthys persuaded Isis to adopt Anubis, so that Set would not find out and kill the child. 

The tale describes both why Anubis is seen as an underworld deity (he becomes the adopted son of Osiris), and why he could not inherit Osiris's position (as he was not actually the son of Osiris but his brother Set), neatly preserving Osiris's position as lord of the underworld. It should be remembered, however, that this new myth was only a later creation of the Osirian cult who wanted to depict Set in an evil position, as the enemy of Osiris.

The most extensive account of the Isis-Osiris story known today is Plutarch's Greek description written in the 1st century CE, usually known under its Latin title De Iside et Osiride. In that version, Set held a banquet for Osiris in which he brought in a beautiful box and said that whoever could fit in the box perfectly would get to keep it. Set had measured Osiris in his sleep and made sure that he was the only one who could fit the box. Several tried to see whether they fit. Once it was Osiris's turn to see if he could fit in the box, Set closed the lid on him so that the box was now a coffin for Osiris. 

Set flung the box in the Nile so that it would drift far away. Isis went looking for the box so that Osiris could have a proper burial. She found the box in a tree in Byblos, a city along the Phoenician coast, and brought it back to Egypt, hiding it in a swamp. But Set went hunting that night and found the box. Enraged, Set chopped Osiris's body into fourteen pieces and scattered them all over Egypt to ensure that Isis could never find Osiris again for a proper burial. Isis and her sister Nephthys went looking for these pieces, but could only find thirteen of the fourteen. Fish had swallowed the last piece, his phallus. 

She created a golden phallus, with the help of Thoth, and attached it to Osiris’s body. She then transformed into a kite and with the aid of Thoth’s magic conceived Horus the Younger. The number of pieces is described on temple walls variously as fourteen and sixteen, and occasionally forty-two, one for each nome or district 

Mother of Horus
Yet another set of late myths detail the adventures of Isis after the birth of Osiris's posthumous son, Horus. Isis was said to have given birth to Horus at Khemmis, thought to be located on the Nile Delta. Many dangers faced Horus after birth, and Isis fled with the newborn to escape the wrath of Set, the murderer of her husband. In one instance, Isis heals Horus from a lethal scorpion sting; she also performs other miracles in relation to the cippi, or the plaques of Horus. Isis protected and raised Horus until he was old enough to face Set, and subsequently, became the pharaoh of Egypt.

Source: Wikipedia 

More pictures for Philae Temple CLICK HERE

Visit our website for Aswan:

Sunday, January 26, 2014

A word from the President

We always learned from life, that the bullet that doesn't kill you, should make you stronger. We have been through a great loss by what happened to the Museum Islamic of Art in Cairo, due to the explosion across the street from the museum targeting another building.

As we decided from our first blog that we are collecting the treasures of this country in one place with focusing on the beauty of the heaven we live in, that called Egypt. So we decided proceed and continue our mission.

So Let's start from the pre stage of the campaign of the Ministry of Tourism (Egypt, where it all begins) by the LOGO design ideas …

Copyrights by Ministry of Tourism

To be continued through:
** See Egypt Collection
** 3D animated Egypt Collection
** Egyptogrpahy Collection  

Saturday, January 25, 2014

NEWS: Museum of Islamic Art WILL BE BACK

UNESCO has released a statement "firmly condemning" damage to Egypt's Museum of Islamic Arts. Irina Bokova, UNESCO's Director-General, expressed her grave concern over the destruction the blast has "caused to the world-renowned [museum]" and its "thousands of invaluable artifacts." Bokova also pledged to mobilise UNESCO resources to help rebuild the museum.

"This is as essential for the people of Egypt as it is for women and men across the world," she declared. "This heritage is part of the universal story of humanity, shared by all, and we must do everything to safeguard it."Bokova further applauded Egypt's Ministry of State for Antiquities for responding to the museum's location so quickly and taking all the necessary steps to rescue damaged artifacts.

Before and After: Cairo’s Museum of Islamic Art

Yesterday, one of the most renowned Islamic museums in the world, described as “a light in the heart of Cairo” by Zahi Hawass is destroyed.

According to the Ministry of Aniquities, the museum’s interior decoration and infrastructure have been severely damaged and several antiquities have been destroyed by the Jan. 24 explosion. The extent of the interior damage remains unknown, but pictures show devastating damage to the building’s exterior from the bomb blast, including the museum’s iconic façade.

As of 2014, the Museum of Islamic Art displayed one of the most comprehensive collections of Islamic art in the world with over 100,000 artifacts in its possession. “We chose objects that tell us about different periods of Islamic civilization and this is really shown in a beautiful way,” explained Adrien Gardere, an expert on Islamic art who helped organize the museum’s interior. Priceless antiquities included one of the oldest and most rare copies of the Quran.

The renovation masterplan and the design for the new exhibition were drawn up by French designer and museographer Adrien Gardère in cooperation with the Islamic Department of the Louvre Museum in Paris, which has in the past advised on the reorganisation of the museum's collections.

The Museum of Islamic Arts first opened in 1881 with an initial display of 111 objects gathered from mosques and mausoleums across Egypt. Its first home was in the arcades of the mosque of the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim Bi-Amr Allah. Because of the rapid increase in the size of the collection, however, a new building was constructed in the courtyard of the mosque in 1883. Construction began in 1899 on a building in Bab El-Khalq, a stone's throw from the centre of Islamic Cairo, that would give the museum its own space. This building opened its doors in 1903 with a collection of 3,154 objects. Since then the museum has become the primary home for the national collection of Islamic art.

Official website for Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo CLICK HERE

Pictures of Museum of Islamic Art after renovation CLICK HERE

Youtube video copied from AhramOnline channel
Video and Edit by Rachel Beth Anderson / Music by Esteem
Comments by Dr. Zahi Hawass & French Designer Adrien Gardere
** Full article "In Focus: Museum of Islamic Art" CLICK HERE
** An article about Museum of Islamic Art from AhramOnline - November 2010 by Nevine El-Aref "A Century of Islamic Art for All" CLICK HERE