Showing posts with label Valley of the Kings. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Valley of the Kings. Show all posts

Tuesday, November 14, 2017

News: Ancient Egyptian Tomb Resurrected Using 3D Printer 2,000 Miles Away in Switzerland

Archaeologists and artists working to create perfect copy of one ancient world's greatest wonders

         Facsimiles of two chambers of Pharaoh Seti's tomb are on display Ruedi 
Habegger,  Antikenmuseum Basel und Sammlung Ludwig
An Ancient Egyptian tomb has been resurrected using a 3D printer - 2,000 miles away in Switzerland. A team of archaeologists and artists is working to create a perfect copy of the tomb of Pharaoh Seti I, one of the largest and most elaborate in Egypt's Valley of the Kings. 

The eventual aim of the five-year project is to install the facsimile on a site close to the original, near Luxor.

For now, the two first two chambers have been reproduced and gone on display at a museum in Basel. The Scanning Seti exhibition at the Swiss city's Antikenmuseum contains an exact copy of the pharoah's 3,300-year-old royal sarcophagus, in rooms adorned with intricate etchings and paintings. 
It was created by Factum Foundation, a specialist art company which has previously worked on a facsimile of facsimile of Tutankhamen's tomb.

The team created a copy of Seti I's sarcophagus based on the 
original at Sir John Soane’s Museum, London
Founder Adam Lowe told CNN Seti's tomb was "the most important library of Pharaonic religion, philosophy, art, poetry and science" in existence. His team used state-of-the-art 3D scanning and printing technology, as well as photogrammetry - the science of taking measurements from photographs - to resurrect the chambers. 

They conducted a 3D survey of the walls of the original tomb and worked from fragments removed from Seti's burial chamber in the 19th century, now displayed in museums including the Louvre in Paris, the British Museum in London, and the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.

They also studied watercolors created by Giovanni Belzoni, a former circus strongman who discovered the tomb in 1817 more than 3,000 years after Seti's death. 

Belzoni found the tomb in immaculate condition, but years of improperly conducted excavations, looting, and tourism have since taken their toll.  Mr. Lowe said facsimiles had an important role to play in the future of tourism and conversation.

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

News, Luxor: Free Visit to Tutankhamun's Tomb, 17 October

To celebrate 200 years since the discovery of the King Seti I tomb, a free visit to King Tutankhamun's tomb will be available to Seti tomb visitors 17 October. Written By/ Nevine El-Aref.

The Ministry of Antiquities is offering visitors to King Seti I tomb in the Valley of the Kings on Luxor's west bank a free visit to the neighbouring King Tutankhamun's tomb.

Mostafa Waziri, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, told Ahram Online that the free visit would be only for one day, Wednesday, 17 October, for King Seti I visitors. He explains that the free visit to the Tutankhamun tomb comes within the framework of the ministry's celebration of the 200the anniversary of the discovery of the King Seti I tomb.

King Seti I ruled during the 19th Dynasty and his tomb is among the deepest and longest of all tombs in the Valley of the Kings. It is 100 metres long and was uncovered by Italian archaeologist Giovanni Belzoni in October 1817.

The tomb later became known as the "Apis tomb" because a mummified bull was unearthed in a side room off the burial chamber.

Thursday, May 18, 2017

News, Cairo: Funerary Bed of King Tut Packed for Transfer to Grand Egyptian Museum

The bed of Tutankhamun
The king's entire treasured collection is planned for transfer to the GEM ahead of its 2018 opening. Written By/ Nevine El-Aref.

A team from the Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) began packing on Monday King Tutankhamun’s treasured collection at the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square in a step towards transferring to its permanent location at the GEM.

Tarek Tawfik, GEM supervisor-general, said that the team is now packing the golden king’s funerary bed which is made of wood gilded with golden sheets and decorated with the head of the goddess Sekhmet.

Before packing the bed was subjected to scientific documentation and first aid restoration to guarantee its safe transportation.

GEM's head of first aid restoration Eissa Zidan told Ahram Online that the packing process is carried out in collaboration with a Japanese scientific team and will take eight hours to complete. 

The team will use acid-free packing materials and equipment to minimise vibrations during the bed’s transportation.

Zidan during packing process
Japanese expert during packing
Zidan said that devices to measure heat and vibration intensity would be used on the bed during its transportation.

All the Tutankhamun artifacts are to be packed and transported to the GEM according to a planned schedule until the soft opening of the new museum in mid-2018.

Monday, May 8, 2017

News: Experts Meet In Egypt Over Moving King Tut Property

Archaeologists and conservation experts are meeting in Cairo to discuss the safe transportation of King Tutankhamun’s throne, chests and bed from the Egyptian Museum in central Cairo to a new one being built on the other side of the city.

Sunday’s gathering brought together experts from Egypt, France, Spain, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark and Japan and is being organized by the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities.

No date has yet been set for the transfer of the priceless items, which would be displayed at two halls in the new museum near the Giza Pyramids. The halls are scheduled to open at the end of 2017.

The tomb of King Tut, who ruled Egypt more than 3,000 years ago, was discovered in 1922 in the southern city of Luxor.

Tuesday, July 5, 2016

Short Story: Tomb Mystery Solved?

Could the mystery of Luxor Tomb KV55 now be solved, more than a century after its discovery, asks Nevine El-Aref

In 1907, British archaeologist Edward Aryton excavated Tomb KV55, considered one of the most mysterious tombs ever discovered. He found it in the Valley of the Kings, on the west bank of the Nile at Luxor. 

The tomb bears no name and contained a selection of artefacts that belonged to several kings and queens, a single sarcophagus and a mummy.

The identification of the sarcophagus and the mummy has been complicated by the fact that the artefacts appear to belong to different individuals.

Because of the positioning of the mummy’s arms, it has been speculated that the mummy could belong to the pharaoh Akhenaten’s mother Queen Tiye, his wife Nefertiti, his secondary wife Kiya, or his stepsister Meritaten.

In 2010, after X-ray examination was carried out on the mummy, it was accepted that the coffin and the mummy could belong to a male, possibly Akhenaten, although some believe it could belong to his brother Smenkhkare.

Some believe that the tomb was created in a hurry and that the individual buried there had been previously laid to rest elsewhere. Other Egyptologists believe it was meant simply as a kind of storeroom.

With so many different possibilities for the identity of the tomb’s owner, the sarcophagus and the mummy, researchers were presented with a puzzling challenge. 

Now it seems that the mystery may have been solved: a wooden box found in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo may hold the key to identifying the original owner of KV55.

The box was found in the storage area of the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square, according to Elham Salah, head of the Museums Department at the Ministry of Antiquities. It contains 500 gold sheets, fragments of a skull and a handwritten note in French.

The note dates to when KV55 was first found and states that the 500 gold sheets were discovered with a sarcophagus, though it does not mention which one. Recent studies on the sheets reveal that they belong to the sarcophagus found in KV55.

Further scientific study will be carried out on the sheets by Egyptian archaeologists, restorers and researchers from the Egyptian Museum with a grant of $28,500 from the American Research Centre in Cairo (ARCE). The hope is that they will be able to discover which king the sarcophagus belongs to.

This would make it possible to identify the mummy and the owner of the tomb. The skull fragments found in the box are also to be subjected to further analysis.

Sunday, June 19, 2016

News: Egypt’s Daily Social Digest June 15 - 2 Giza Tombs to Be Open to Public

2 tombs to be open for visitors in 15 days at Giza East Field
Two ancient Egyptian tombs of Sheshem-Nefer, the guardian of the king’s secrets during Dynasty 6 of the Old Kingdom, and Senefru-Kha-ef, the treasurer of the King of Lower Egypt during the end of Dynasty 4 and the beginning of Dynasty 5, will be open to visitors in 15 days after renovation at the Giza East Field.

Project to study gold leaves believed to belong to tomb KV55 resumes
The project is funded by the American Research Center in Egypt (ACRE) with $28,500, according to Youm7.

Antiquities Ministry has resumed a project to study about 500 gold leaves found in a wooden box in the Egyptian Museum, believed to belong the mysterious KV55 tomb in Luxor, in hopes to confirm the identity of the body found in the tomb. It has long been speculated it belongs to Pharaoh Akhenaten.

Opening Egyptian Museum 2 evenings a week “increases visitor turnout”
Opening The Egyptian Museum two evenings a week and the Textiles Museum every night during Ramadan has increased the visitor turnout, and applying the same idea on other museums would need top notch security, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities Mostafa Amin told Youm7.

Egypt, Saudi to sign memo on antiquities
Antiquities Minister Khaled al-Enany will leave for Saudi Arabia Wednesday to sign a memorandum of understanding with Saudi Arabia on antiquities, museum, architectural heritage and antiquities trafficking, Youm7 reported.

Ibrahim Pasha Statute renovated
The 4-month renovation of Ibrahim Pasha Statute at the Opera Square has been finalized by the Antiquities Ministry and Cairo Governorate, Youm7 reported. The statue was finished by French sculptor Charles Cordier  place in 1872 under the reign of Khedive Ismail.
Source: The Cairo Post - By/ The Cairo Post

Thursday, June 16, 2016

News, Luxor: Study Aims to Uncover Mystery of Luxor's Tomb KV55

The Box With The Golden Sheets
The Ministry of Antiquities is trying to solve the mystery behind the enigmatic sarcophagus found in tomb KV55 in the Valley of the Kings on Luxor's west bank. Written By/ Nevine El-Aref.

This week, the Ministry of Antiquities will start the second phase of a study aimed at uncovering the mystery behind an unidentified sarcophagus found in 1906 inside tomb KV55 at the Valley of the Kings on Luxor’s west bank.

The study is being operated with a grant of $28,500 from the American Research Centre in Egypt (ARCE) Endowment Fund.

This tomb was thought to hold the body of the monotheistic king Akhenaten, though no definitive evidence has been presented to back up this speculation.

Pieces of The Skull Found Inside The Box
Elham Salah, head of the ministry’s Museums Department, told Ahram Online that the study is being carried out on a collection of 500 gold sheets found in a box in storage at the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir along with the remains of a skull and a handwritten note in French.

The note, she says, is dated to when KV55 was first found and states that the 500 accompanying sheets were discovered with a sarcophagus, though it does not mention which sarcophagus.

According to Elham, the first phase of the study, which started last year, indicated that the gold sheets may belong to the sarcophagus found in KV55.

Islam Ezat, from the scientific office of the ministry, said that the study is being carried out by skilled Egyptian archaeologists and restorers from Egyptian Museums and it may lead to uncovering the identity of the owner of the sarcophagus and the tomb.

Sunday, June 12, 2016

Re-Opening, Luxor: Tombs of Nefertari and Seti I in Egypt's Luxor to Reopen to Visitors

The tomb of Nefertari in the Valley of the Queens and the tomb of King Seti I in the Valley of the Kings have been closed for restoration. Written By/ Nevine El-Aref.

Egyptian antiquities officials have decided to re-open the tombs of Queen Nefertari in the Valley of the Queens and King Seti I in the Valley of the Kings, both of which have been closed for several years.

The tombs in Luxor will re-open in a month's time, and tickets will cost EGP 1,000 (approx. $113).The number of visitors is to be limited to around 100 to 150 people a day.

“This decision was taken in an attempt to attract more tourists to the valleys and Luxor after the decline of tourism that hit Egypt following the January [2011] revolution,” Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany told Ahram Online.

Both tombs had been closed for restoration, required by the increase in humidity caused by visitors.

El-Enany also said that, at a Wednesday meeting of the Supreme Council of Antiquities which he chairs, it was decided that the ministry would be provided with more funds, as it is suffering financially due to the lack of tourism.

It was also decided that the rents of cafeterias and bookshops at museums and archaeological sites would be reduced.

“This decision would enable all shops and cafeterias owners to reopen them after five years of closing,” El-Enany said, adding that in the aftermath of the revolution the owners of these shops were not able to pay the rent and they had to close their enterprises.

The chairman board also approved a 75 percent reduction on all books published by the ministry, in order to increase archaeological awareness among Egyptians.

During the month of Ramadan, the Textile Museum in Al-Muizz Street in medieval Cairo is to be open at night.

Thursday, May 26, 2016

Short Story: Honours for Luxor

Four New Kingdom tombs at Deir Al-Medina have been opened in Luxor, chosen as the International Tourism Capital for 2016, reports Nevine El-Aref.

Luxor, the ancient city of Thebes, the capital of Egypt during the ancient New Kingdom and the glorious city of Amun, is thriving today. Four New Kingdom tombs were inaugurated on Friday on the west bank of the Nile after restoration. It coincided with the 103rd meeting of the executive council of the UN World Tourism Organisation, held in Malaga in Spain last week, where Luxor was designated as the 2016 Capital of International Tourism.

The city was selected by the 50 countries of the council to host the organisation’s 104th meeting, planned to take place at the end of October. Luxor will also host the Fifth Summit on City Tourism from 1-3 November, which observers expect will be attended by even more participants than those who attended the Malaga meeting.

The 103rd session saw the participation of more than 50 countries and representatives from over 500 travel agencies and tourism organisations from 130 countries. Under the title of “Tourism and Security: Towards a Framework for Safe, Secure and Seamless Travel,” Minister of Tourism Yehia Rashed led the session and said that Egypt is ready to provide all security measures to guarantee the safety of tourists.

Egypt’s efforts to stand against international terrorism are a model to countries around the globe, he said. A source at the ministry said that the designation of Luxor as the Capital of International Tourism is “a triumph for Egypt’s tourism and a positive change in the image promoted in some of the international media of a negative impact on Egypt’s tourism industry”.

He said that Egypt is now reaping the fruits of the wise policies being implemented by the ministries of tourism and foreign affairs, which are working jointly on the tourism portfolio. Luxor Governor Mohamed Badr was particularly happy at the designation and said that he will exert every effort to make Luxor a city with efficient tourism services.

Also this week, Badr, with Minister of Antiquities Khaled Al-Enany, inaugurated four New Kingdom tombs on Luxor’s west bank. The first is located in the Sheikh Abdel-Qurna area and belongs to Djehuty, the royal butler of Queen Hatshepsut of the 18th Dynasty. The other three belong to members of one family who shared were servants in the Palace of Truth during the reign of Ramses II of the 19th Dynasty.

Al-Enany told Al-Ahram Weekly that the opening of the tombs came within the framework of ministry efforts to protect Egypt’s ancient Egyptian shrines and to provide new tourist attractions. He said the Djehuty tomb restoration project was carried out in collaboration with the American Research Centre in Egypt (ARCE) and funded by the US Agency for International Development (USAID).

US Ambassador R Stephen Beecroft and USAID director Sherry Carlin attended the inauguration. The tomb is very distinguished as its paintings depict both Ramses II and his successor, Thutmosis III, as Djehuty served as a royal herald during the reign of Thutmosis.

Mahmoud Afifi, from the ministry, explained that the tomb is T-shaped, which was typical of the 18th Dynasty, and that it had been heavily damaged by smoke and heat that had caused the oxidisation of its wall paintings.

Time had taken its toll on the tomb, the structure had become unstable and parts of the wall paintings had begun to flake off. The pillared hall, Afifi continued, was full of debris that had filled and covered the burial shaft of the tomb, which was generally in a very bad condition.

Conservation work started in 2012, and concentrated on documentation. Concrete restoration started in 2013 when all the debris covering the entrance was removed and the walls, ceiling and columns consolidated. Restoration of the paintings was also completed. A new lighting system was installed.

As for the three tombs from the reign of Ramses II located at Deir Al-Medina, these belong to the members of one family: Imn Nakht, the father; Nebenmaat, the eldest son; and Khaaemteri, the youngest son. The restoration work was carried out in collaboration with the French Institute for Oriental Studies (IFAO).

Afifi said the tombs shared the same entrance, corridor and ante-chamber, which leads to three burial chambers with a mud-brick chapel in each. The tomb of the father follows the multi-coloured design prevailing in most of the Deir Al-Medina tombs, while the tombs of the sons follow a single-coloured design.

The entrance was cleaned, the iron door at the entrance repainted, and a new wooden floor installed to protect the tomb’s original floor and facilitate movement for visitors. A guide panel was erected in front of the tomb’s entrance and a new lighting system has been installed.

Meanwhile in Aswan, the city saw the completion of the Edfu Temple groundwater project this week, carried out in collaboration with ARCE and a fund of LE25.5 million provided by USAID. “It is a very important project because it has constructed a drainage system to lower the groundwater level that threatened the walls of the Edfu Temple,” Al-Enany said.

He said that the project had started in August 2013 in two phases. The first phase was completed in June 2014, while the second ended last September. Waadalla Abu Al-Ela, head of the projects sector at the ministry, said that a power control unit was set up to monitor the work minute by minute. Eight wells were dug to a depth of eight metres to collect the groundwater and pump it out of the temple.

Nasr Salama, head of Aswan Antiquities, told Ahram Online that during the work, carried out at the earthen dump located in front of the temple, archaeologists had discovered a collection of pots and pans dating to the Old Kingdom and the Late Period, as well as a collection of coffins and human remains.

The Edfu Temple is one of the best-preserved in Egypt and was built during the Ptolemaic era to worship the falcon god Horus. Its walls and pylons are decorated with scenes and inscriptions that have provided important information on language, myth and religion during the Graeco-Roman period.

Monday, May 16, 2016

Re-Opening, Luxor: 4 Tombs of ‘Royal Butlers’ Open to Public in Luxor After Renovation Completed

 Burial Chamber at one of four tombs of Royal Butlers
opened to  public in the west bank of Luxor. 
Antiquities Ministry Facebook page. 
CAIRO: Four tombs of Royal Butlers of ancient Egypt’s New Kingdom (1,580B.C.-1,080B.C) period Pharaohs were opened to public Friday after their renovation work have been completed, the Antiquities Minister Khaled Al Anany announced in a statement.

Located in the west bank of Luxor, “one of the tombs belong to Djehuty; the Royal Butler under the reign of both ancient Egypt’s powerful female Pharaoh Queen Hatshepsut and Pharaoh Tuthmosis III,” said Anany.

Located at Sheikh Abdel Qurna area in the west bank of Luxor, the T-shaped tomb is typical of the 18th Dynasty and has a pillared hall and a burial shaft, he added.

“The restoration of Djehuty tomb, which began in 2012, was carried out in collaboration with the US Agency for International Development (USAID.) It required a lot of work because the tomb was found in poor condition,” according to Anany.

The other three tombs, located at Deir El-Medina, belong to Imn Nakht, Nebenmaat and Kha’Emteri who held the same title of ‘Servant in the Place of Truth’ during the reign of Pharaoh Ramses II (1,279B.C.-1,213B.C.,) said Mahmoud Afifi, head of Ancient Egypt Antiquities Department at the Antiquities Ministry.

“The tombs share the same entrance, corridor and ante-chamber which are branched out into three burial chambers with a mud brick chapel in each,” said Afifi. The restoration of Deir El-Medina three tombs was implemented in collaboration with the French Institute for Oriental Studies (IFAO,) he added.
Source: The Cairo Post - By/ The Rany Mostafa

Tuesday, March 15, 2016

New Discovery, Luxor: 8 Ancient statues of War Goddess Unearthed at Kom Al-Hittan

Bust of ancient Egyptian war Goddess Sekhmet & Middle part of a statue
of ancient Egyptian war Goddess Sekhmet discovered at
Wadi al Hitan on March 15, 2016.
CAIRO: A set of eight ancient statues of the Egyptian war Goddess Sekhmet have been unearthed in Luxor, the Antiquities Ministry announced Tuesday.

The black granite statues were discovered during excavation work carried out by the joint Egyptian-European mission working on the site of Amenhotep III in Kom al Hitan in the west bank of Luxor, the ministry stated.

“Six of the statues represent the lioness-headed goddess seated on a throne of Egypt and holding the Ankh (The key of light) in her right hand. Three out of the six statues are complete and well preserved, one only has its upper half, while the other two have only lower parts preserved,” Horig Sourouzian, head of the mission was quoted in the statement.

The other two statues represent Sekhmet standing holding a scepter in her left hand and Ankh in her right hand, said Sourouzian.

Lower part of a statue of ancient Egyptian war Goddess Sekhmet & Seated
 Statue of ancient Egyptian war Goddess Sekhmet discovered at
Wadi al Hitan on March 15, 2016.
After restoration and documentation, all the statues will be on display at the site scheduled to be inaugurated after a few years.

“This is not the first time statues of the lioness goddess have been unearthed at Kom Al-Hittan as it has previously discovered over 60 statues of the same goddesses,” according to Damaty.

The mission aims to produce a virtual reconstruction of the temple with its original layout, Sourouzian told The Cairo Post in 2014.

“The temple is 10 times bigger than other mortuary temples in the west bank. It used to be 700,100 meters. All its walls have been destroyed, but whatever was inside is still there. Our job is to save the temple that was once prestigious, but unfortunately was very badly damaged. I believe within 20 years, we will have achieved our objectives here,” Sourouzian said in a video at

Amenhotep III, the ninth pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, ruled Egypt from 1386 B.C. to 1349 B.C. and his reign is believed to have marked the political and cultural zenith of ancient Egyptian civilization.

Monday, February 29, 2016

New Discovery, Luxor: Secret Room ‘Full of Treasures’ Discovered Near Tutankhamon’s Tomb

CAIRO: A secret room with “treasures” near King Tutankhamen’s 3,300-year-old tomb has been discovered, Egyptian Minister of Tourism Hesham Zazou told Spanish newspaper ABC during his trip to Spain.

The new discovery will officially will be announced in April, he added. A French team told Egyptian Minister of Antiquities Mamdouh al-Damaty that radar and thermography on the walls of the tomb revealed that there is a hidden chamber, French newspaper Le Figaro reported.

“It (the hidden chamber is full of treasures,” Damaty was quoted as saying. Tut’s tomb was discovered in 1922; the gold mask of the Pharaonic king is in the Egyptian Museum downtown.

In November the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities conducted researchers for hidden chambers could include Queen Nefertiti. The researchers have been carried out upon hypothesis from British Egyptology Nicholas Reeves.

Sunday, December 6, 2015

News: ‘A Discovery is About to Be Made’ Interviewing El-Damaty

Drenched in sweat inside Tutankhamun’s burial chamber which was extremely hot and almost airless, Minister of Antiquities Mamdouh Eldamaty was busy supervising a radar examination and monitoring the data minute by minute. Written By/ Nevine El-Aref.
Interviewing El-Damaty
Although he was busy — Eldamaty had to finish the survey within two days — he granted Al-Ahram Weekly an exclusive interview on his expectations and plans regarding the Reeves theory on the location of Nefertiti’s crypt and the recent infrared and radar investigations. He also told the Weekly about his new initiative to use modern technology in discovering monuments.

How can you describe the data given from the current radar investigation?
It is good and positive and a discovery is about to be made very soon. I am now 90 per cent certain that both the west and north walls of Tutankhamun’s burial chamber conceal something behind it. The radar scan tells us that on this side of the north wall, we have two different materials. We believe that there could be another chamber. The same notification was made on the right side of the burial’s west wall.

I cannot confirm yet what it would be until Japanese radar expert Hirokatsu Watanabe analyses the data and writes his final scientific report, expected to be sent within a month from now. In the report, Watanabe will determine the depth and size of the void spaces.

We will also conduct similar analysis on the data given by Egyptian geophysics expert Abbas Mohamed who witnessed the work and will send his report to me also within a month. It will be compared with the Japanese radar report in order to reach a final, accurate result.

Are the radar scans safe to be carried out on monuments?
Yes of course, it is a non-invasive and non-destructive device and it is located five centimetres from the walls. It did not by any means touch the walls or the painting. The same goes for the infrared thermography test in early November on the walls.

Why did you conduct a thermal investigation on the tomb’s walls before the radar scanning?
I did so to double check all the results given by various types of technology. The lowest percentage of error is inadmissible.

Thermal scanning was resumed only on the northern wall in collaboration with a consortium from the Faculty of Engineering at Cairo University, as well as the Heritage Innovation and Preservation Institute in France, and Lava University in Canada.

The preliminary analysis indicates the presence of an area different in its temperature than the other parts of the northern wall. One possible explanation is that the variation in temperature is, in effect, an infrared shadow of an open area behind the wall but it did not give a concrete image of a door.

But regrettably the result obtained was not 100 per cent accurate because the difference in the temperatures in the morning and at night did not reach its ideal standard which varies from five to seven degrees in differential. It only reached three degrees in difference.

Thermal scanning is to be resumed for a second trial next month when the tomb’s temperature will reach 30 degrees Celsius in the morning and 20 degrees at night. It will also be implemented on the west wall.

What if the radar results confirm the existence of chambers behind the walls and how would you explore them archaeologically?
I cannot right now give a determined solution, as we have to consult other scientists, technicians and archaeologists in addition to members of the current research team in order to find an appropriate method to reveal the hidden chambers without damaging the painted walls of Tutankhamun’s burial chamber.

One idea is to probe into the walls through a tiny mobile camera but not from the walls of the burial chamber, and a way would have to be found to investigate it without damaging the painted walls.

During the probing process we want to take samples of the air inside, as well as the rocks, all to be subjected to comprehensive analyses to identify the atmosphere inside. The probing could be from an antechamber of the burial chamber. It has rough walls which are not painted. It could be inserted from the top of the cliff, from the ground, from the outside of the tomb, or even from the ends of the walls, which are painted less.

But I think that the ideal place to insert the camera to reach the north wall is the treasury room. The niche of the magic brick is the best place for the probing to reach the west wall. I think this would be the safest place to guarantee complete preservation of the paintings.

This is no easy task and requires additional studies. We have to be very careful while inserting the camera as the vibrations could cause damage to the cliff itself, the tomb, or even to a yet undiscovered tomb. The Valley of the Kings could still contain more tombs... Read More 

Wednesday, December 2, 2015

News: What Treasures Could Lurk Inside Egypt's Lost Chambers? - Tomb Raiders

Egyptology is entering another golden age, with dazzling new discoveries of hidden chambers under the Pyramids and in Tutankhamun’s tomb. A cynic could almost say it’s hype for the desperate tourist industry

The golden sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun, pictured, in his burial chamber
in the Valley of the Kings, close to Luxor, south of Cairo.
 Photograph: Khaled Desouki/AFP/Getty Images
Egypt never seems to stop revealing its ancient wonders and mysteries. Now, it seems we may be on edge of new discoveries as marvellous as when Howard Carter opened the tomb of Tutankhamun in 1922.

The most astonishing claims being made concern that very tomb. The “wonders” of the young king’s burial are exhibited today in Cairo. Yet it seems that Carter may have missed something potentially just as extraordinary, right in front of him. The dazzle of Tutankhamun’s gold probably satisfied the tomb’s discoverers – and besides, it has taken 21st-century technology to find the new mystery: traces of what may be well-hidden and still unopened chambers behind the tomb of the boy king.

Egyptologist Nicholas Reeves believes – controversially – that the hidden space may be the lost tomb of Queen Nefertiti, who may have been young Tut’s mother. If Reeves is right, the sands of Egypt could be about to yield one of their greatest secrets – something epochal.

And that’s not all. Archaeologists scanning the pyramids at Giza have found “thermal anomalies” that may also reveal hidden chambers, including one deep within the Great Pyramid. So the pyramids too (which are considerably older than the tombs of Tutankhamun and, perhaps, his mother) are apparently still full of marvels ready to be uncovered.

One of the most mysterious and powerful women in ancient Egypt,
 Nefertiti, right, was queen alongside Pharaoh Akhenaten from 1353 to 1336 BC
Photograph: Ruggero Vanni/Corbis
These remarkable finds, or promises, have surely not appeared accidentally at the same time? It is easy to see that an earth-shattering discovery would be very welcome in an Egypt ravaged by recent events, whose tourism certainly needs a boost. But I don’t think that should make us doubt these reports, or view them as hype by a desperate tourist industry. Egypt has always attracted tourists – like the ancient Greek traveller Herodotus, or Napoleon, or Agatha Christie – because its past is unparalleled and its archaeology uniquely seductive.

The Egyptian revolution didn’t just damage tourism – it disrupted archaeology. The Cairo Museum itself was looted. Egypt’s most famous Egyptologist, the swashbuckling Zahi Hawass, was implicated in the fallen Mubarak regime, narrowly escaped jail, and was sacked. Was Egyptology finished? Instead it appears to have entered a new golden age. International teams using the latest gear are working on these spectacular, barnstorming projects.

I hope it does all boost tourism, and I hope these hidden chambers really are full of what Carter called “wonderful things”.

Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Valley of Kings: The Burial Chamber - House of Gold Wherein One Rests

If the tomb had been completed, the right (north) and left (south) sides of the lower floor level would have been extended, leaving only ledges for the upper floor level on the left and right sides of the chamber, instead of the wide surfaces now there.

The sides of the burial pit were roughly widened to accommodate a large, red granite sarcophagus box, now broken in two, with its foot half lying in the pit.

Four pillars flank the front (east) wall of the chamber with two on each side of the descent from the gate to the central lower level. The first and fourth pillars were not completely cut away from the surrounding rock. The pillars show Rameses VI with "Ma'at", "Ptah-Sokar", "Anubis", "Meretseger", "Osiris", and "Ptah". In the rear (west) wall, there are four pilasters, representing unfinished cuttings of pillars.

The left, right and rear walls and pilasters are decorated with texts from the Book of the Earth. Pilasters 2 and 3 are inscribed with the names of Rameses VI. The vaulted ceiling, which extends over the burial pit and the spaces to its west and east, is cut at a right angle to the tomb's axis. The Sky goddess "Nut" is drawn twice separating the vaulted ceiling into two spaces (east and west).

The space to the east depicting the "Book of day" with red disks "the sun" inside the yellow body of Nut and a very dark blue background. The book of Day holds names and epithets of Rameses the sixth. and a description of the sun god "Ra" journey through the heavens in the day time before he is swallowed by the sky goddess "Nut".

The space to the west is depicting the "Book of night" with five points stars inside of Nut and a black background representing the night. The book of Night is a description of the sun god "Ra" journey through the heavens wherein he is swallowed by the sky goddess "Nut" in the evening and reborn in the morning.

information about this very rich tomb is provided with a little help from our friends at The Theban Mapping Project , check out their amazing work documenting the valley and make sure you follow us for updates.